E-ISSN 2149-2530
Original Article
Extensive Exposure to Tear Gases in Ankara
1 Middle East Technical University, Medical Center, Ankara, Turkey  
2 ARTE Hekimkoy Medical Center, Ankara, Turkey  
3 Department of Chest Diseases, Düzce University School of Medicine, Düzce, Turkey  
4 Ankara Chamber of Medical Doctors, Commission of Workers’ Health and Occupational Physicians, Ankara, Turkey  
5 Department of Pulmonary Disease, Gazi University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey  
6 Clinic of Chest Diseases, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey  
7 Sleep Disorders Center, Ataturk Chest Diseases, Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey  
8 Department of Pulmonary Disease, Bozok University School of Medicine, Yozgat, Turkey  
9 Department of Pulmonary Disease, Ordu University School of Medicine, Ordu, Turkey  
10 Acıbadem Fulya Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
11 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, İstanbul University İstanbul School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey  
Turk Thorac J ; 5: -
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2018.18096
Key Words: Tear gases, respiratory effects, spirometry
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The most common chemical substances used as mass control agents are chloroacetophenone, chlorobenzylidene malononitrile, and oleoresin capsicum. These agents not only have local and rapid effects but also have systemic and long-term effects. The aim of the present study was to discuss the patterns of tear gas exposure and to investigate its effects on respiratory functions.


MATERIALS AND METHODS
: A face-to-face survey was conducted in 86 individuals who had been exposed to tear gas indoor and outdoor during the public protests in June 2013.


RESULTS
: The most frequently reported respiratory complaints included cough, dyspnea, phlegm, and chest pain. Spirometry measurements including forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) were also performed. Indoor exposers have lower mean % predicted FVC and FEV1 values than outdoor exposers. All complaints and signs were more common in indoor exposure to tear gas than in outdoor exposure.


CONCLUSION
: Safety of the chemicals used as mass control agents during protests is doubtful as these agents are associated with several health risks.


Cite this article as
: Ilgaz A, Küçük Uyanusta FÇ, Arbak P, et al. Extensive Exposure to Tear Gases in Ankara. Turk Thorac J 2018. DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2018.18096

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