E-ISSN 2149-2530
Original Article
Surgery for Pulmonary Hydatidosis in Turkey in 2014: A Nationwide Study
1 Clinic of Thoracic Surgery, Atatürk Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, Turkey  
2 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Abant İzzet Baysal University School of Medicine, Bolu, Turkey  
3 Clinic of Thoracic Surgery, Suat Seren Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Research and Training Hospital, İzmir, Turkey  
4 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Necmettin Erbakan University School of Medicine, Konya, Turkey  
5 Clinic of Thoracic Surgery, Yedikule Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Research and Training Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
6 Clinic of Thoracic Surgery, Süreyypaşa Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Research and Training Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
7 Department of Thoracic Surgery, İnönü University School of Medicine, Malatya, Turkey  
Turk Thorac J ; 5: -
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2018.18109
Key Words: Pulmonary hydatidosis, surgery, nationwide survey
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Turkey remains among the countries where hydatid disease is endemic. In this study, it was aimed to determine the number of operations performed for the treatment of pulmonary hydatid disease in Turkey during 2014 and to present the distribution of these operations according to the different regions of the country.


MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Turkish Thoracic Society Thoracic Surgery Study Group connected with the thoracic surgeons in each city through telephone. A data set was sent by email. The age, sex, contact with animals that might be a risk of gaining the hydatid disease, the side of the disease, the type of surgical method, other organ involvement were recorded and collected from each data set to form the final data, and the results were evaluated. Turkey comprises of 81 cities that are grouped in seven different regions. The number of operations was calculated for each city and region to present the distribution. 


RESULTS
: Overall, 101 centers from 81 cities were considered in the study. A total of 715 pulmonary hydatid cyst operations were performed in 690 patients during the study period. The most common operation technique was cystotomy and capitonnage through thoracotomy (76%). The highest incidence rate of operated patients was in the Eastern Anatolian Region (2.15 patients per 100 000 person-years).

CONCLUSION: Pulmonary hydatid disease still has a high incidence rate particularly in the southeast and east of Turkey, which are mainly rural areas and where stockbreeding is very common. Cystotomy and capitonnage is still the most common surgical method used to treat pulmonary hydatid cysts. Preventive methods should be performed strictly in these cities and regions to decrease the risk of infection.


Cite this article as
: Gülhan ŞE, Kılıçgün A, Samancılar Ö, et al. Surgery for Pulmonary Hydatidosis in Turkey in 2014: A Nationwide Study. Turk Thorac J 2018. DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2018.18109

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