E-ISSN 2149-2530
Consensus Report
The View of the Turkish Thoracic Society on the Report of the GOLD 2017 Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of COPD
1 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Gazi University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey  
2 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Ege University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey  
3 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey  
4 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Çukurova University School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey  
5 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Adnan Menderes University School of Medicine, Aydın, Turkey  
6 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Mersin University School of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey  
7 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey  
8 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Health Sciences University, İzmir Dr. Suat Seren Chest Diseases and Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey  
turkthoracj 2017; 18: 57-64
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2017.060417
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Key Words: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diagnosis, management, prevention, Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease guidelines
Abstract

Since the Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) published its first guidelines on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in 2001, much has changed till 2017. Previous versions of GOLD guidelines mentioned the forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1)-based approach for staging and treatment modalities. Since 2011, a composite multi-dimensional approach has been introduced to cover various aspects of the disease. Unfortunately, this approach was not found to be correlated with mortality as well as the FEV1-based approach, despite the fact that it was better for estimating exacerbation rates. Although this assessment tool has been considered as a big step in personalized medicine, the system was rather complex to use in daily practice. In 2017, GOLD introduced a major revision in many aspects of the disease. This mainly includes a revised assessment tool and treatment algorithm. This new ABCD algorithm has excluded spirometry for guiding pharmacological therapy. Treatment recommendations are mainly based on symptoms and exacerbation rates. Escalation and de-escalation strategies have been proposed for the first time. The spirometric measurement has only been retained to confirm the diagnosis and lead to nonpharmacological therapies. In this report, the Turkish Thoracic Society COPD assembly aimed to summarize and give an insight to the Turkish interpretation of GOLD 2017.

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