E-ISSN 2149-2530
Original Article
Violation of the Tobacco Control Law by Drivers in Vehicles in Two Streets in İzmir: A Descriptive Study
1 Department of Public Health, Dokuz Eylül University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey  
2 Medical Student, Dokuz Eylül University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey  
Turk Thorac J 2018; 19: 132-135
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2018.17077
Key Words: Tobacco smoking, smoking ban, violation of tobacco control law
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: After signing and approving the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), Turkey amended laws on tobacco control in 2008 and also expanded the smoking ban in 2013 to include drivers in all vehicles. Four years later, this amendment does not seem as effective. The aim of this study was to observe violation of the law by the drivers and to analyze the association between gender of the driver, type of the vehicle, approximate age group definition of the passenger (either child or adult), and the law violation in two streets in Konak district, İzmir, Turkey.


MATERIALS AND METHODS
: In this cross-sectional study, two observer teams were located in two different busy streets on the same afternoon and they collected data on the violation of the law, gender of the driver, approximate age group definition of the passengers (either adult or child), and type of the vehicle (special, taxi, or other commercial). Logistic regression for the violation of the law was conducted.


RESULTS
: Law violation prevalence is 7.2%. In univariate analysis, the gender of the driver and having at least one child as a passenger were associated with the violation of the law. In multivariate analysis, not having children increases (OR: 8.4) the risk of the violation of the law.


CONCLUSION
: The violation of the law was high, but the drivers seemed to be aware of the harms of smoking by looking at the increased risk of the violation in vehicles, in which no child was carried as passengers.
 

Cite this article as: Erkoyun E, Alçiçek MS, Selek S. Violation of the Tobacco Control Law by Drivers in Vehicles in Two Streets in İzmir: A Descriptive Study. Turk Thorac J 2018; 19(3): 132-5.

Key Words
Authors
All
Author's Corner
Survey
AVES | Copyright © 2018 Turkish Thoracic Society Latest Update: 24.07.2018