E-ISSN 2149-2530
Original Article
Diagnostic Yield of the Virtual Bronchoscopic Navigation System Guided Sampling of Peripheral Lung Lesions using Ultrathin Bronchoscope and Protected Bronchial Brush
1 Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA  
2 Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Malcolm Randal VA hospital/ North Florida-South Georgia Health System, Gainesville, USA  
Turk Thorac J ; 5: -
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2018.18030
Key Words: Lung nodule, ultrathin bronchoscopy, virtual bronchoscopy, lung cancer, bronchial brush
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The use of an ultrathin bronchoscope (UB) to diagnose peripheral pulmonary lesions is described. A virtual bronchoscopic navigation system was used to direct the ultrathin scope to the nodule. One of the constraints of this technique was the inability to confirm the target lesion position during biopsy by using a conventional linear endobronchial ultrasound probe, since the probe does not fit into a 1.2 mm working channel of this bronchoscope. The aim of the study was to review our institutional experience with the use of a UB for sampling peripheral pulmonary lesions using the transbronchial brush guided by virtual bronchoscopy. We describe a technique wherein we attempt to brush all the visible bronchial sub-segments once the bronchoscope has reached close to the nodule.


MATERIALS AND METHODS
: In total, 52 patients underwent the procedure between 2010 and 2017. A multiplanar computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest was obtained and subsequently uploaded to the Lung Point Virtual bronchoscopy navigation software. The UB was parked close to the lesion. All visible airway branches were then brushed using a protected bronchial brush. The data were retrospectively abstracted from the electronic medical records using standardized forms.


RESULTS
: A total of 52 lesions (40 solid, 8 part-solid, 3 cavitary, and 1 ground-glass) were sampled using a transbronchial brush (median, 2; range, 1-8). Twenty-four lesions were under 2 cm in size. The overall success rates were 67.3%. The average diameter of nodules was 2.7±1.01 cm; 65% lesions were in the outer-third of the lungs. The cancer-specific sensitivity was 72.5%. The presence of bronchus sign; location of the lesion; and the characteristics, size, and stage of cancer did not have any impact on the diagnostic yield.


CONCLUSION
: Virtual bronchoscopy-guided ultrathin bronchoscopy with bronchial brushing is safe and has a diagnostic yield comparable to other described techniques for evaluating peripheral pulmonary nodules.


Cite this article as
: Biswas A, Mehta HJ, Sriram PS. Diagnostic Yield of the Virtual Bronchoscopic Navigation System Guided Sampling of Peripheral Lung Lesions using Ultrathin Bronchoscope and Protected Bronchial Brush. Turk Thorac J 2018; DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2018.18030

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