E-ISSN 2149-2530
Original Article
Pulmonary Rehabilitation Reduces Emergency Admission and Hospitalization Rates of Patients with Chronic Respiratory Diseases
1 Clinic of Pulmonary Rehabilitation Unit, Health Sciences University Süreyyapaşa Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
2 Clinic of Chest Diseases, Health Sciences University Süreyyapaşa Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
Turk Thorac J 2018; 19: 170-175
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2018.17089
Key Words: Pulmonary rehabilitation, exercise treatment, quality of life, emergency application, hospitalization
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Chronic respiratory diseases exert a global health burden with high health care costs, morbidity, and mortality. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) on emergency admission and hospitalization rates of patients with chronic respiratory disease.


MATERIALS AND METHODS
: In this retrospective cohort study, hospitalization rates and emergency admissions of patients before (December 2014-December 2015) and after PR (January 2015-December 2016) were investigated. Patients with chronic respiratory diseases were included. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients were classified based on the Global Initiative Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease assessment scheme. PR was applied by three physiotherapists over 8 weeks (2 days/week). Data on patient demographics, clinical and anthropometric data, spirometry, exercise capacity, and quality of life before and after PR were acquired.


RESULTS
: This study evaluated 51 patients, of whom 76% were men. A total of 37 (73%) COPD patients and 14 (27%) non-COPD patients (7 bronchiectasis, 4 interstitial lung disease, and 3 kyphoscoliosis) were included. The patients exhibited significantly improved incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) and endurance test scores (p<0.05) after PR. Similar to exercise capacity, the patients exhibited significantly improved Modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) score, St. George’s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), anxiety and depression scores (p<0.05) after PR. In COPD patients, differences in pre- and post-PR ISWT, COPD assessment test, mMRC, and SGRQ scores were statistically significant (p=0.001). The number of emergency admissions and hospitalizations significantly decreased after PR (p=0.001; p=0.001). The post-PR FEV1% of COPD significantly increased (p=0.029).


CONCLUSION
: Pulmonary rehabilitation leads to an increase in exercise capacity as well as improved quality of life, resulting in a decrease in emergency admissions and hospitalization rates. Considering the cost of hospitalization, it is important to add PR to the management of patients with chronic respiratory diseases, in addition to medical therapy.


Cite this article as
: Özmen İ, Yıldırım E, Öztürk M, et al. Pulmonary Rehabilitation Reduces Emergency Admission and Hospitalization Rates of Patients with Chronic Respiratory Diseases. Turk Thorac J 2018; 19(4): 170-5.

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