E-ISSN 2149-2530
Original Article
The Effect of Pulmonary Rehabilitation on the Physical Activity Level and General Clinical Status of Patients with Bronchiectasis
1 Clinic of Pulmonary Rehabilitation, Health Sciences University, Yedikule Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
Turk Thorac J 2019; 20: 30-35
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2018.18093
Key Words: Bronchiectasis, dyspnea, exercise, lung function, muscle strength, quality of life
Abstract

 

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the effects of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) on the level of physical activity (PA) and the general clinical status in adult patients with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis.

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patients were included prospectively in the study and followed a home-based PR program for 2 months comprising breathing exercises, training in chest hygiene techniques, peripheral muscle strengthening training, and self-walking. The outcomes measurements were the following: 6-minute walking distance, pulmonary function test, peripheral and respiratory muscle strength measurements, International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), Saint George Respiratory Questionnaire, and modified Medical Research Council dyspnea scores.

 

RESULTS: Of the total 25 patients included in the study, six were excluded due to follow-up and adherence problems. A comparison of the outcome measures recorded before and after PR showed statistically significant improvements in the IPAQ total (p=0.015) and walking scores (p=0.011). While the proportion of patients in the low PA category was 73% (n=14) prior to PR, this rate decreased to 42% (n=8) post-PR. The proportion of patients in the moderate PA category was 26% (n=5) prior to PR and increased to 52% (n=10) post-PR. While positive improvements were seen in all clinically monitored parameters, aside from spirometric values, these changes did not reach a statistically significant level.

 

CONCLUSION: The majority of patients with bronchiectasis have a low level of PA. PR ensures positive improvements in the level of PA and general physical clinical status of such patients.

 

Cite this article as: Pehlivan E, Niksarlıoğlu EY, Balcı A, et al. The Effect of Pulmonary Rehabilitation on the Physical Activity Level and General Clinical Status of Patients with Bronchiectasis. Turk Thorac J 2019; 20(1): 30-5.

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