E-ISSN 2149-2530
Original Article
Cryptogenic and Secondary Organizing Pneumonia: Clinical Presentation, Radiological and Laboratory Findings, Treatment, and Prognosis in 56 Cases
1 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Ufuk University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey  
2 Clinic of Pulmonary Disease and Intensive Care Unit, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey  
3 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Gazi University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey  
4 Department of Pathology, Gazi University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey  
Turk Thorac J ; 5: -
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2018.18008
Key Words: Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, secondary organizing pneumonia, clinical radiological laboratory features, prognosis
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Organizing pneumonia is an important disease that is associated with non-specific clinical findings and radiographic appearance. Our aim was to examine the clinical and radiological features, laboratory findings, diagnostic approach, and response to therapy in subjects with cryptogenic (COP) and secondary organizing pneumonia (SOP).


MATERIALS AND METHODS
: Patients’ medical records were retrospectively reviewed between 2010 and 2016 in our hospital. We analyzed the symptoms, radiological features, pulmonary function tests, laboratory data, bronchoalveolar lavage findings, treatment, and prognosis.


RESULTS
: Thirty-seven patients were diagnosed with COP and 19 patients with SOP. The most common causes of SOP were determined as rheumatologic diseases. The most common symptoms were cough (71.4%) and dyspnea (66.1%). Bilateral symmetrical consolidations were the most prominent radiological appearance in both COP and SOP. The general radiographic findings were not different in COP and SOP. However, pulmonary lesions were located rather in the central (p=0.023) and middle (p=0.001) zones in patients with SOP. Corticosteroid (CS) therapy was administered to 34 (60.7%) patients. Two patients showed deterioration despite CS therapy.


CONCLUSION
: The clinical and radiographic findings, treatment response, prognosis were similar in patients with COP and SOP.


Cite this article as
: Baha A, Yıldırım F, Köktürk N, Galata Z, et al. Cryptogenic and Secondary Organizing Pneumonia: Clinical Presentation, Radiological and Laboratory Findings, Treatment, and Prognosis in 56 Cases. Turk Thorac J 2018 DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2018.18008

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