Thoracic Research and Practice
Original Article

Attitude and Practice Toward Use of Cigarettes and Electronic Cigarettes Among Pregnant Women: A Questionnaire-Based Survey

1.

Clinic of Chest Diseases, University of Health Sciences, İstanbul Süreyyapaşa Chest Disease and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

2.

Clinic of Chest Diseases, University of Health Sciences, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

3.

Department of Chest Diseases, Dicle University Faculty of Medicine, Diyarbakır, Turkey

4.

Department of Pulmonary Diseases, İstanbul University Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

5.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Health Sciences, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey

6.

Department of Chest Diseases, Celal Bayar University Faculty of Medicine, Manisa, Turkey

7.

Clinic of Chest Diseases, University of Health Sciences, Dr. Suat Seren Chest Disease and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey

8.

Department of Chest Diseases, Pamukkale University Faculty of Medicine, Denizli, Turkey

9.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pamukkale University Faculty of Medicine, Denizli, Turkey

10.

Department of Chest Diseases, Düzce University School of Medicine, Düzce, Turkey

11.

Department of Chest Diseases, Hitit University Faculty of Medicine, Çorum, Turkey

12.

İzmir Dr. Suat Seren Göğüs Hastalıkları ve Göğüs Cerrahisi Eğitim Araştırma Hastanesi, Göğüs Hastalıkları ve Tüberküloz Kliniği, İzmir, Türkiye

13.

Clinic of Chest Diseases, University of Health Sciences, Antalya Research and Training Hospital, Antalya, Turkey

14.

Department of Chest Diseases, Kyrenia University, Faculty of Medicine, Kyrenia, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

15.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kyrenia University, Faculty of Medicine, Kyrenia, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

16.

Department of Chest Diseases, University of Health Sciences, Yedikule Chest Disease and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

17.

Department of Chest Diseases, Uludağ University, Faculty of Medicine, Bursa, Turkey

18.

Department of Chest Diseases, Gazi University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Thorac Res Pract 2022; 23: 409-419
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2022.22078
Read: 120 Downloads: 28 Published: 01 November 2022

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate attitude and practice toward use of regular tobacco cigarettes and electronic cigarettes among pregnant women.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 1123 pregnant women participated on a voluntary basis in this questionnaire survey. Maternal characteristics, cigarette consumption parameters, and personal opinions regarding the adverse effects of smoking during pregnancy were evaluated.

RESULTS: Active smokers composed 12.4% (9.4%: regular tobacco cigarettes, 3.0%: electronic cigarettes) of the study population. Smoking during the current pregnancy, particularly via regular tobacco cigarettes, was more likely for women with smoking during previous pregnancies (56.0% vs. 7.8%, P < .001), previous history of low birth weight infant delivery (16.1% vs. 8.6%, P = .013), premature delivery (16.7% vs. 7.0%, P < .001), and stillbirth (22.8% vs. 11.7%, P = .002). The presence versus absence of smoking during pregnancy was associated with a lower likelihood of being a housewife (70.5% vs. 80.5%, P = .010) and a higher likelihood of having an actively smoking mother (25.9% vs. 11.2%, P < .001) or partner (65.7% vs. 46.9%, P < .001). Regular tobacco cigarette users considered electronic cigarettes to have a higher risk of adverse impacts (11.1% vs. 2.9%, P = .012), while electronic cigarette users considered regular cigarettes to have a higher risk of nicotine exposure (55.9% vs. 13.0%, P < .001).

CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate being employed, having an actively smoking mother or partner, as well as smoking in previous pregnancies, to be the risk factors for increased likelihood of smoking during pregnancy.

Cite this article as: Yıldırım E, Duru S, Sevim T, et al. Attitude and practice toward use of cigarettes and electronic cigarettes among pregnant women: A questionnaire-based survey. Turk Thorac J. 2022;23(6):409-419.

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