Turkish Thoracic Journal
Original Article

Characteristics of Smoking Behavior Among Poor Pregnant Women in İzmir, Turkey: A Qualitative Study


Public Health Nursing, Dokuz Eylül University Graduate School of Health Sciences, İzmir, Turkey


Faculty of Nursing, Erzurum Technical University Health Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey

Turk Thorac J 2021; 22: 217-223
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2021.20046
Read: 234 Downloads: 16 Published: 03 June 2021

OBJECTIVE: Despite the negative aspects of cigarette use on pregnant, the level of smoking is extremely high among low-income women during pregnancy.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study which has been conducted using an in-depth individual interview method, qualitatively explores and describes the characteristics of smoking behavior among poor pregnant women in Izmir, Turkey. A conventional content analysis
method was used in the data analysis. Twelve pregnant women who smoked at least 1 cigarette a day and had $4 daily income were chosen as participants in this study. Interviews were recorded using a voice recorder, and the average duration of the interviews was 31 min.

RESULTS: The smoking behavior of poor pregnant women is classified under 2 themes: “Individual attitudes and behavior” and “Interpersonal factors.”

CONCLUSION: Public health nurses should include smoking/non-smoking criteria in their routine check-ups and follow up with pregnant
women while undertaking the role of educator and counseling regarding smoking cessation.

Cite this article as: Dokuzcan DA, Gördes Aydoğdu N. Characteristics of smoking behavior among poor pregnant women in İzmir, turkey: A qualitative study. Turk Thorac J. 2021; 22(3): 217-223.

EISSN 2149-2530