Turkish Thoracic Journal
Original Article

DOES THE HOSPITAL ADMISSION OF PATIENTS WITH RESPIRATORY DISEASE INCREASE IN İZMİR IN THE DAYS IN WHICH PM10 LEVELS HIGH?

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İzmir Suat Seren Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey

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Department of Biostatistics, İstanbul University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

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İstanbul Yedikule Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Turk Thorac J 0; 5: 0-0
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2019.180148
Read: 212 Downloads: 17 Published: 18 July 2019

Abstract

Objective: Air pollution is caused by, especially from industrial facilities around the world, exhaust emissions from motor vehicles, fuel consumption for heating in residences . Exposure to outdoor air pollution has been associated with acute and chronic health problems in a wide range from irritant to death. It was aimed to determine whether air pollution increases the frequency of admission to the hospital and whether there is a difference between the disease subgroups, age and gender in two years period in İzmir province where air pollution is increasing.
 
 
Methods: Collection of health data for the project made by The Ministry of Health, in cooperation with the İzmir Provincial Health Directory Information Processing Department, information obtained on the age groups, sex, admission time, and diagnosis of illness (ICD10 code) on the residents of İzmir
in 2016-2017.
 
 
Results: The daily numbers of patients who applied with respiratory system complaints and the air pollution were found to be related. Rather, both the air pollution and the admission increase in
January-March period. In male patients, the risk of hospitalization increases is 1.14%. . In males, it was seen that there was the highest increase rate with the diagnosis of chronic rhinitis with an
increase of 6.22% whereas in female patients was found to be 0.97%. , it was seen that there was a 2.62% increase in bronchiectasis, 2.53% in asthma and 2.49% in dyspnea .
 
 
Conclusion: There was a significant increase in respiratory diseases during the days when the air pollution was high , this was seen as the URTI and acute bronchitis in the young group and chronic respiratory diseases in the elderly group in hospital admissions. The reduction of air pollutants and inhalation of clean air through is the most important effect in providing healthier and longer life.
 
 
Cite this article as: Yalnız E, Uslu Ö, Bolat E, et al. DOES THE HOSPITAL ADMISSION OF PATIENTS WITH RESPIRATORY DISEASE INCREASE IN İZMİR IN THE DAYS IN WHICH PM10 LEVELS HIGH? Turk Thorac J 2019; DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2019.180148
EISSN 2149-2530
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