Thoracic Research and Practice
Original Article

Eosinophilic Lung Disease: Accompanied with 12 Cases


Clinic of Chest Diseases, Süreyyapaşa Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey


Department of Chest Diseases, Gayrettepe Florence Nightingale Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Thorac Res Pract 2015; 16: 172-179
DOI: 10.5152/ttd.2015.4614
Read: 1420 Downloads: 908 Published: 18 July 2019


OBJECTIVES: Eosinophilic lung diseases are a rare group of heterogeneous diseases characterized by the increase of the eosinophil ratio in airways and lung parenchyma. In our clinic, patients diagnosed with eosinophilic lung disease were evaluated with their clinical features and prognoses.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In our clinic, 12 cases that were diagnosed and followed up for eosinophilic lung disease [eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA, Churg–Strauss syndrome) (n=4), chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP) (n=7), and simple pulmonary eosinophilia (Löffler’s syndrome) (n=1)] were retrospectively evaluated.


RESULTS: Of the 12 cases, 8 were females, and the average age was 43 (28–72) years. All cases were undergoing bronchodilator therapy with asthma diagnosis (2 months–40 years). Additionally, 4 of the cases had sinusitis, and 1 had allergic rhinitis. The most common complaints of the patients were difficulty in breathing and coughing, and the duration of complaints was a median of 2 months. Peripheral eosinophilia and total IgE elevation were present during the admission of all cases; additionally, leucocyte elevation was recorded in 10 of them, anemia in 4 of them, and thrombocytosis in 4 of them. Moreover, 43% of the recorded DLCO values were lower than normal. Of the 10 cases that underwent bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), the eosinophil ratio was above 25% in 7 subjects. Of the 8 cases that underwent transbronchial biopsy, eosinophil-involving infiltration was detected in 6 subjects. Additional findings in cases diagnosed with EGPA were nasal polyposis (n=1), sinusitis (n=2), polyneuropathy (n=1), cardiac involvement (n=2), and skin involvement in biopsy (n=1). Spontaneous recovery was observed in the patient diagnosed with simple pulmonary eosinophilia during the follow-up that was performed based on the history and laboratory and BAL results of the patient. Prednisolone treatment was started for all cases, except for simple pulmonary eosinophilia, and their controls were performed. Relapse was observed in eight cases (EGPA: 4, CEP: 4); during the relapse treatment of one case diagnosed with EGPA, exitus occurred. One case rejected treatment despite the presence of peripheral eosinophilia, and the other cases are being followed-up without medication.


CONCLUSION: Given that the clinical pictures in pulmonary eosinophilia syndromes are on a wide spectrum, a specific diagnosis is important. Progression may differ in each patient, and a close follow-up is necessary during and after the treatment.

EISSN 2979-9139