Turkish Thoracic Journal
Original Article

Evaluation of DWI and ADC Sequences’ Diagnostic Values in Benign and Malignant Pulmonary Lesions

1.

Department of Radiology, Akbar and Dr. Sheikh hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

2.

Department of Radiology, Qaem hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Qaem hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

4.

Department of MRI, Qaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

5.

Student Research Committee, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Turk Thorac J 2020; 21: 390-396
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2020.19007
Read: 188 Downloads: 44 Published: 09 December 2020

OBJECTIVE: The gold standard for the diagnosis of lung cancer is conducting a histopathologic study. It is also diagnosed based on some features of a computed tomography (CT) scan. Imposed radiation is a prominent side effect of a CT scan. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) images have currently been used in the diagnosis of different lesions, including those of the brain and breast, and their uses in lung lesions are being evaluated. In this study, to find a safe, sensitive, and specific method, we aimed to assess DWI imaging to replace the CT scan and the positron emission tomography scan.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 29 patients were enrolled in the study. In b800 images in DWI, spinal cord and lesion signals were measured, and the lesion-to-cord-signal ratio (LCR) was calculated. The ADC value was measured in a quantitative way. Lesions were also graded qualitatively in b800 DWI sequences.

RESULTS: There was a significant difference between malignant and benign lesions in terms of DWI grading in b800 images (p<0.001). There was a significant difference between ADC means of a malignant and benign lesion (p=0.003). The mean LCR for malignant lung lesions was significantly higher than that of the benign ones (p<0.001). Considering Grade 3 as the cutoff in DWI grading results in sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 89%, 90%, and 89.6%, respectively. For ADC values, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 79%, 80%, and 79.3%, respectively, were obtained when the cutoff was 1.027×10-3 sec/mm2. The sensitivity of 84%, the specificity of 90%, and the accuracy of 86.2% were calculated for the LCR in a cutoff of 0.983. In this study, all three parameters had an area under the curve of ≥0.8, meaning that these variables were valuable for the differentiation of benign and malignant lesions.

CONCLUSION: Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging is a noninvasive tool, with no contrast agent and requiring ionizing radiations, which could be used for the qualitative, quantitative, and semiquantitative assessment of pulmonary lesions.

Cite this article as: Mahdavi Rashed M, Nekooei S, Nouri M, et al. Evaluation of DWI and ADC sequences’ diagnostic values in benign and malignant pulmonary lesions. Turk Thorac J 2020; 21(6): 390-6.

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