Turkish Thoracic Journal
Original Article

Five-Year Trends in Direct Costs of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Turkey: COPDTURKEY-3


Department of Chest Diseases, Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Ankara Oncology Research and Training Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey


Department of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey


Department of Chest Diseases, Gazi University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey


Department of Health Management, University of Health Sciences, İstanbul, Turkey


Department of Chest Diseases, Sincan Dr. Nafiz Körez State Hospital, Ankara, Turkey


Department of Healthcare Management, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey


Deputy President, Social Security Institution, Ankara, Turkey

Turk Thorac J 2021; 22: 393-398
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2021.19150
Read: 69 Downloads: 42 Published: 30 September 2021

OBJECTIVE: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. The aim of this study was to reveal the trend in direct costs related to COPD between 2012 and 2016, and to evaluate hospital costs in 2016, together with their subcomponents.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A population-based descriptive study was conducted using administrative healthcare data in Turkey. The total direct cost of COPD diagnosis-treatment for each year from 2012 to 2016, was calculated. The distribution of the hospital’s COPDrelated costs for the year 2016 was also examined, together with morbidity data.

RESULTS: The direct costs of the patients who were admitted to step 1, step 2, and step 3 health care centers between 2012 and 2016 increased by 41% [895 041 403TL ($496 930 501) in 2012 to 1 263 288 269TL ($417 834 197) in 2016]; the increase was 60% and 24%, for inpatient and outpatient groups respectively. In the year 2016, the direct total cost was 1003TL ($332) per patient. In 2016, mean specialist consultations per patient with mean cost per specialist consultation, and mean emergency visits per patient with mean cost per emergency visit, were 1.7, 42 TL ($14), and 0.4, 71TL ($23) respectively. For the inpatient group, the mean number of hospitalizations per patient, mean number of hospitalization days, and the mean cost per hospitalization were 0.4, 6.5, and 1926TL ($637), respectively.

CONCLUSION: When the readmissions of patients with COPD were evaluated together with the costs, and compared with the statistics from other countries, it was found that the costs per patient were lower in Turkey. However, the reasons for the significant rise in inpatient costs compared to outpatient costs should be investigated. Further investigations are required regarding pulmonary rehabilitation, home health care services, preventive measures for infections, management of comorbidities, and treatment optimization, which may reduce hospitalizations.

Cite this article as: Ozdemir T, Kilic H, Yilmaz Demirci N, et al. Five-year trends in direct costs of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Turkey: COPDTURKEY-3. Turk Thorac J. 2021; 22(5): 393-398.

EISSN 2149-2530