Turkish Thoracic Journal
Original Article

Histopathological Type of Lung Cancer and Underlying Driver Mutations in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) versus Patients with Asthma and COPD Overlap: A Single-Center Retrospective Study

1.

Respiratory Medicine, Kanazawa University Hospital, Ishikawa, Japan

Turk Thorac J 2020; 21: 75-79
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2019.18100
Read: 368 Downloads: 179 Published: 18 July 2019

OBJECTIVES: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) increases the risk of lung cancer. The relationships between COPD and Asthma COPD Overlap (ACO), and between the histopathological types of lung cancer and driver mutations remain unclear and need further study. The aim of this retrospective study was to examine the relationships between the histopathological type, frequency of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) driver mutations, and anaplastic lymphoma receptor tyrosine kinase (ALK) rearrangements in the lung cancers of patients with COPD and ACO.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with pure COPD (n=198) or ACO (n=318) who were admitted to our hospital were reviewed retrospectively.

RESULTS: Lung cancers were identified in 43 (21.7%) patients with pure COPD and 54 (17.0%) patients with ACO. The following lung cancers types were observed: patients with pure COPD had 19 (44.2%) adenocarcinomas, 13 (30.2%) squamous cell lung carcinomas (SCC), 8 (18.6%) small cell lung carcinomas (SCLC); patients with ACO had 23 (42.6%) adenocarcinomas, 23 (42.6%) SCC, 2 (3.70%) SCLC. SCLC was significantly more prevalent in patients with pure COPD (p<0.05) than in those with ACO. Differences between the numbers of other histological types of lung cancer and the numbers of driver mutations in the 2 groups of patients were not significant.

CONCLUSION: The differences in the rate of lung cancer and prevalence of EGFR driver mutations between the patients with pure COPD and those with ACO were not significant.

Cite this article as: Sakai T, Hara J, Yamamura K, et al. Histopathological Type of Lung Cancer and Underlying Driver Mutations in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) versus Patients with Asthma and COPD Overlap: A Single-Center Retrospective Study. Turk Thorac J 2020; 21(2): 75-9.

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