Turkish Thoracic Journal
Original Article

How were Non-COVID pulmonary patients and diseases affected from COVID-19 pandemic period?

1.

Department of Pulmonology, Dokuz Eylül University Hospital, İnciralti, İzmir, Turkey

2.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Dokuz Eylül University Hospital, İnciralti, İzmir, Turkey

3.

Department of Clinic of Pulmonology, Dokuz Eylül University Hospital, İnciralti, İzmir, Turkey

4.

Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Dokuz Eylül University Medical Faculty, İnciralti, İzmir, Turkey

Turk Thorac J 2021; 22: 149-153
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2021.20249
Read: 27 Downloads: 12 Published: 06 April 2021

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to focus on non-COVID-19 patients during the process when all physicians focused on COVID-19 patients. Patients with pulmonary diseases in the COVID-19 pandemic period were analyzed.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Non-COVID-19 cases who were hospitalized in the pulmonology clinic, outpatients, and patients who applied to the non-COVID-19 emergency service and requested a pulmonology consultation in the period from March 16, 2020 to May 15, 2020 and in the same period of the previous year (i.e., from March 16, 2019 to May 15, 2019) were included in this study.

RESULTS: In the pandemic period, it was found that there was an 84% decrease in outpatient admissions, a 43% decrease in inpatients, and a 75% decrease in emergency services. During the pandemic period, in outpatient setting, male and younger case admissions increased, admissions with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and interstitial lung diseases decreased, whereas the frequency of admission to asthma, pneumonia, and pulmonary thromboembolism increased. In the period of the pandemic, patients with asthma, COPD, and lung cancer were less hospitalized, whereas patients with pulmonary thromboembolism, pneumonia, and pleural effusion were hospitalized more. In non-COVID-19 patient treatments during the pandemic period, usage of a metered dose inhaler increased. 

CONCLUSION: During the COVID-19 pandemic, non-COVID pulmonary pathologies decreased significantly, and there was a change in the profile of the patients. From now on, to be prepared for pandemic and similar extraordinary situations, to organize hospitals for the epidemic, to determine health institutions to which nonepidemic patients can apply, to make necessary plans in order not to neglect the nonepidemic patients, and to develop digital health service methods, especially telemedicine, would be appropriate.
 

Cite this article as: Sevinç C, Tertemiz KC, Atik M, et al. How were Non-COVID pulmonary patients and diseases affected from COVID-19 pandemic period? Turk Thorac J 2021; 22(2): 149-53.

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