Turkish Thoracic Journal
Original Article

In Which the Gain is more from Pulmonary Rehabilitation? Asthma or COPD?

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Clinic of Chest Diseases, Health Sciences University, İzmir University of Health Sciences Dr. Suat Seren Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey

Turk Thorac J 2019; 20: 160-167
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2018.18031
Read: 447 Downloads: 177 Published: 18 July 2019

Abstract

 

OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is useful for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) but not clear for patients with asthma. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of PR in patients with asthma by comparing patients with COPD. The study was designed as a retrospective case series. We recruited patients with COPD and asthma.

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographics, respiratory symptoms, medications, smoking history, comorbidities, exercise capacity, respiratory function tests, and quality of life (QOL) were recorded. Exercise capacity was evaluated by the 6-minute walk test (6MWT), QOL with St. George’s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) Quality of Life Questionnaire, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) Scale.

 

RESULTS: Forty-two patients with asthma and 25 COPD who completed PR were included in the study. There was no difference in terms of age and sex between the groups (p=0.100 and p=0.365, respectively); however, body mass index was higher in the asthmatic group (p=0.007). Partial oxygen pressure (pO2) difference and arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) difference were significantly higher in the COPD group than in the asthma group after PR (p<0.05). When the patients were compared before and after PR in both groups, a significant increase was detected in exercise capacity and QOL (6MWT, HADa, SGRQ, and SF-36 in all domains) (p<0.05). When two groups are contrasted according to the difference between pre- and post-PR of variables, there was no significant difference except pO2, SpO2, and Medical Research Council (p>0.05).

 

CONCLUSION: Physicians refer patients with COPD to PR; however, patients with asthma are not generally referred to the same frequency. We would like to emphasize that PR may be as effective as COPD in asthma.

 

Cite this article as: Deniz S, Şahin H, Polat G, et al. In Which the Gain is more from PR? Asthma or COPD? Turk Thorac J 2019; 20(3): 160-7.

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