Turkish Thoracic Journal
Original Article

Maternal and Fetal Problems in Patients with Non-Cystic Fibrosis Bronchiectasis During Pregnancy

1.

Department of Pulmonary Diseases, İstanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey

Turk Thorac J 2021; 22: 297-300
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2021.20236
Read: 224 Downloads: 24 Published: 09 July 2021

Objective: To detect the maternal and fetal problems experienced by patients with non-cystic fibrosis (non-CF) bronchiectasis during pregnancy.

Material and Methods: A total of 185 women aged over 18 years with medical records available, who were diagnosed as having non-CF bronchiectasis and followed in the outpatient clinic for bronchiectasis, were interviewed by phone between November 1, 2019 and December 31, 2019. Forty-seven women who accepted to participate, were able to understand and answer the survey, and had experienced at least 1 pregnancy, were included in the study, The survey questions were read and the answers were recorded. The same survey was administered to a control group of 95 women.

Results: It was found that the number of patients experiencing an increase in at least 1 of the symptoms of cough, sputum production, and dyspnea during pregnancy, and the number of visits to emergency departments for respiratory conditions, were statistically significantly higher (P < .001 and P < .001, respectively), and the rate of live births was significantly lower (P = .009) in the non-CF bronchiectasis group compared with the control group. No significant difference was found between the groups in the number of miscarriages, preterm births, cesarean section, extra visits to the obstetrics department, and the presence of anomalies in the infants.

Conclusion: Among patients with non-CF bronchiectasis, it should be kept in mind that an increase may be seen in respiratory symptoms and the number of emergency department visits during pregnancy, and a decrease may be seen in the ratio of live births. These patients should be followed closely for these issues and measures should be taken accordingly.

Cite this article as: Börekçi Ş, Kubat B, Senkardesler G, Musellim B. Maternal and fetal problems in patients with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis during pregnancy. Turk Thorac J. 2021; 22(4): 297-300.224

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