Turkish Thoracic Journal
Original Article

Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio and Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

1.

Department of Pediatric Intensive Care, Cukurova University, Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey

2.

Department of Pediatrics, Cukurova University, Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey

Turk Thorac J 2021; 22: 274-278
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2021.20087
Read: 262 Downloads: 29 Published: 09 July 2021

Objective: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a clinical picture that indicates severe acute hypoxemic respiratory insufficiency. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are convenient, uncomplicated, and inexpensive parameters that can be used in detecting the severity of the disease. The prognostic role of NLR and PLR in patients with pediatric ARDS is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate if there was any relationship between initial hematological parameters and the stages of ARDS, duration of mechanical ventilation and the length of intensive care stay in pediatric ARDS.

Material and Methods: Of 34 patients diagnosed with ARDS, 5 excluded, a total of 29 patients who were followed in our pediatric intensive care unit between 2016 and 2018 were retrospectively enrolled. Patients were retrospectively registered in terms of demographical features, disease severity scores (PIM2, PRISM III, PELOD scores), lymphocyte, neutrophil and platelet counts and NLR, PLR values in complete blood count during intensive care unit stay and on the day of discharge, the stages of ARDS, duration of mechanical and the length of intensive care stay.

Results: There was a significant relationship between NLR values and ARDS stages on the first day of the admittance (P = .003). There was a moderate correlation between NLR and PELOD scores on the day of admittance and it was statistically significant (r = 0.45, P = .026). There was no correlation between mechanical ventilation time and the length of intensive care stay and NLR-PLR values. Platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio was not identified as a prognostic factor in our study.

Conclusion: In diagnosis of the severity of ARDS with severe acute hypoxemic respiratory insufficiency, NLR is a convenient and inexpensive parameter that can only be calculated by complete blood count.

Cite this article as: Misirlioglu M, Yildizdas D, Ozgur Horoz O, Ekinci F, Haytoglu Z, Aslan N. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome. Turk Thorac J. 2021; 22(4): 274-278.224

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