Turkish Thoracic Journal
Original Article

Old Habits Die Hard – Asbestos Exposure

1.

Department of Chest Disease, Mardin State Hospital, Mardin, Turkey

2.

Department of Chest Disease, Batman Regional State Hospital, Batman, Turkey

Turk Thorac J 2021; 22: 381-385
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2021.0280
Read: 104 Downloads: 36 Published: 30 September 2021

OBJECTIVE: Although the damages to health that are caused by asbestos exposure are known, the mineral continues to be in use. Our main purpose in the study was to determine the relationship between awareness and asbestos use.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 100 residents from the Armutova village of Ergani District in the Diyarbakir province of Turkey, with previous asbestos exposure were studied between January 2010 and December 2010. Exposure to asbestos was questioned in all participants. Asbestos doses were measured in the setting where they lived. The pulmonary function tests (PFTs) including forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) were performed, and chest radiography was taken.

RESULTS: The duration of asbestos exposure was found to be associated with reduced PFTs and the pathological lung findings on radiology. Although 97% of the participants were aware of asbestos and its health risks, the rates of its use were significantly higher, and associated with excessive exposure levels. Longer duration of asbestos exposure was significantly associated with reduced FVC. There were more prominent reductions in FEV1 with longer durations of asbestos exposure.

CONCLUSION: The high rates of asbestos use indicate that changing habits, particularly among individuals residing in rural areas, is difficult. In our country, the main route of asbestos exposure is through the environment, which is at least as hazardous as occupational exposure.

Cite this article as: Çil B, Reşit Polat M, Kabak M. Old habits die hard – asbestos exposure. Turk Thorac J. 2021; 22(5): 381-385.

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