Thoracic Research and Practice
Original Article

Types of Fundus Involvement in Intraocular Tuberculosis

1.

Department of Ophthalmology, Dokuz Eylül University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

Thorac Res Pract 2022; 23: 322-330
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2022.21207
Read: 189 Downloads: 70 Published: 01 September 2022

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the patients who were treated for intraocular tuberculosis retrospectively and present our findings and share our experience.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was a descriptive, cross-sectional, retrospective study. Patients who were followed up with the diagnosis of intraocular tuberculosis in the Ophthalmology and Pulmonary Medicine Departments of Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine in the last 15 years and received anti-tuberculosis therapy were included.

RESULTS: A total of 16 eyes of 10 patients with a diagnosis of intraocular tuberculosis uveitis who were treated with anti-tuberculosis therapy were included in this study. The mean age was 48.1 [14.6] years (mean [standard deviation]). Four were [40%] male and 6 [60%] were female. Patients with tuberculosis uveitis had bilateral involvement (7 of 10 patients [70%]). Intraocular tuberculosis was presented in 7 eyes of 4 patients with serpiginous like choroiditis, 2 eyes of 2 patients with choroidal tuberculomas, 4 eyes of 2 patients with choroidal tubercles (miliary tuberculosis), and 3 eyes of 2 patients with intermediate uveitis. The mean duration from admission to treat- ment was 18.1 ± 17.4 days (range: 6-56 days). All patients in this study received a 4-drug regimen anti-tuberculosis therapy, Paradoxical reaction occurred in 30% of the patients. Eight patients had systemic steroid therapy and 4 had also topical steroid therapy. The mean length of follow-up was 14.7 months (standard deviation = 15.1, range: 6-48 months). Reactivation of intraocular tuberculosis was not observed in any patients.

CONCLUSION: High level of suspicion is a must for diagnosing intraocular tuberculosis. A complete ophthalmic examination can be performed in patients with suspected or proven tuberculosis. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment of intraocular tuberculosis can prevent serious complications and loss of vision.

Cite this article as: Kaya M, Simsek GO, Ucan ES, et al. Types of fundus involvement in intraocular tuberculosis. Turk Thorac J. 2022;23(5):322-330.

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