E-ISSN 2149-2530
Invited Review
Basic Concepts for Tidal Volume and Leakage Estimation in Non-Invasive Ventilation
1 Pneumology Service, Corporació Parc Taulí, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Sabadell, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red (CIBERES), Bunyola, Spain  
2 Respiratory Therapist, Fundació Parc Taulí, Sabadell, Spain  
3 Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Dokuz Eylül University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey  
Turk Thorac J 2019; 20: 140-146
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2018.177
Key Words: Leak, non-invasive ventilation, software, tidal volume
Abstract

Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) aims to maintain sufficient alveolar ventilation, improve pulmonary gas exchange, assist respiratory muscles, and decrease work of breathing. Monitoring variables such as leaks, tidal volume, and minute ventilation during therapy is crucial to assess the effectiveness of NIV. However, most of the time, leaks and tidal volume are not measured but estimated by NIV devices. Moreover, there are limited data for the accuracy and reliability of these estimations. Herein, we address some technical considerations for tidal volume and leakage estimation during NIV and its impact in clinical practice.

 

Cite this article as: Luján M, Lalmolda C, Ergan B. Basic Concepts for Tidal Volume and Leakage Estimation in Non-Invasive Ventilation. Turk Thorac J 2019; 20(2): 140-6.

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