Turkish Thoracic Journal
Original Article

Sleep Quality Among Healthcare Workers During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Its Impact on Medical Errors: Kuwait Experience


Department of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt


Department of Nephrology, Hamed Al-Essa Organ Transplant Center, Ibn Sina Hospital, Sabah area, Kuwait


Department of Dialysis and Transplantation, Urology Nephrology Center, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt


National Blood Transfusion Services, Egypt & Health Care Management Consultant, Technical Office, MOH, Kuwait

Turk Thorac J 2021; 22: 142-148
DOI: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2021.20245
Read: 80 Downloads: 24 Published: 06 April 2021

OBJECTIVE: Millions of people suffer from sleep disturbances. In addition, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic created several new challenges–particularly for frontline healthcare workers (HCWs). This study assessed the sleep quality (SQ) among HCWs.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using an English-language online survey. The participants were invited via a web link sent using social network platforms. It included sociodemographic- and profession-related characteristics. COVID-19-associated risks were assessed (e.g., being on the front line, doing swabs, satisfaction about protective equipment, and management protocols). Assessment of SQ was done using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and various medical errors were recorded.

RESULTS: A total of 217 HCWs completed the survey with mean (±standard deviation) age of 35.8 (±7.3) years; 56.2% were male, 18.43% had comorbidities, and 61.75% experienced sleep difficulties before the COVID-19 crisis. This work reports a 78.8% prevalence of poor SQ, with the mean (standard deviation) global PSQI score of 9.36 (±4.4). HCWs with poor sleep experienced more positive comorbid profile (23.64% versus 6.52%, p=0.01). Working on the front lines of COVID-19 was associated with poor sleep (69.59% versus 47.83%, p=0.006). Among the participants, 77.42% performed medical errors, particularly not checking for drug allergies (17.97%), dispensing medication with incomplete instructions (20.74%), providing incorrect doses or overdosing (14.75%), incorrectly explaining the use of medication (9.22%), and prescribing a drug to the wrong patient (10.14%).

CONCLUSION: This nationwide survey reported high prevalence of poor SQ among HCWs during the COVID-19 pandemic. Being an HCW on the front lines of COVID-19 and doing swabs with a positive comorbidity was associated with poor sleep.

Cite this article as: Abbas A, Al-Otaibi T, Gheith OA, Nagib AM, Farid MM, Walaa M. Sleep Quality Among Healthcare Workers During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Its Impact on Medical Errors: Kuwait Experience. Turk Thorac J 2021; 22(2): 142-8.

EISSN 2149-2530